The Jama Masjid mosque in Delhi was built in 1656 by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan who built the Taj Mahal. This was the first mosque in India to include minarets. Minarets are the towers attached to mosques from which the call to prayer is broadcast five times each day.
Mumbai, formerly Bombay, is India's main port on the Arabian Sea. It is located partly on Mumbai Island and is also bordered by a harbor. This location limits its ability to expand. With an area of only 239 square miles and a population of more than 16 million people, Mumbai has one of the highest population densities of any city in the world.
The Ganges River, considered sacred by Hindus, is the most important river in India. Varanasi, a city of about one million on the west bank of the river in Uttar Pradesh state, draws nearly 2 million pilgrims each year to its many temples and shrines. The shore is lined for miles with ghats or stairways that people use to enter the river for ritual bathing.
Villagers in flooded rice paddies during monsoon season, Bangladesh
Bangladesh receives large amounts of rainfall during the monsoon season from June to late September or early October. Most of the country receives at least 60 inches of rain per year, with some areas receiving 100 or even 200 inches. Because most fields flood during the monsoon season, people build houses on higher ground.
Unit 9 South Asia, Chapter 17, Section 1.3 Living with Monsoons
The snow leopards' closest relatives are tigers. Genetic experts estimate that snow leopards became distinct from tigers about 3.2 million years ago, but still group them together under the genus Panthera. Other authorities, however, believe snow leopards are distinct enough to be in their own genus, Uncia.
Snow leopards live in the mountains of Central and South Asia. These rare, large cats are about 7 feet long, including their 3-foot-long tail, and about 2 feet tall. With their strong legs they can jump up to 50 feet. They are well adapted to their environment with thick fur that even covers their feet like natural snowshoes.
A snow leopard crosses a rocky slope in Hemis National Park in Jammu and Kashmir, India. Hunting at night, snow leopards prey on wild animals and domestic livestock. Snow leopards are sometimes killed by herders protecting their flocks and by traders selling their fur and organs. The species is endangered, with only 6,000 estimated to be left in the wild.