An OPENING PROBLEM appears on the first page of each chapter and provides an application of the upcoming content. The problems can be answered by using specific content contained within the chapter. Answers are given directly before the Chapter Review.
GETTING STARTED introduces each chapter and relates the mathematical content of the chapter to how the concepts are used in an elementary classroom.
CLASSROOM LEARNING OBJECTIVES are tables that feature specific learning outcomes from the K - 8 classroom and are adapted from the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics. Each table lists the learning objectives that are relevant to the content of the chapter and then indicates the grade level at which the objective is most likely to be taught.
DEFINITIONS and THEOREMS are clearly identified.
STUDENT PAGES from elementary textbooks provide further connections to the elementary classroom by demonstrating how concepts are often presented to elementary students.
HISTORICAL NOTES provide a context for the content by identifying historical figures or occurrences relevant to the content of the section.
CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING in-text quizzes provide an opportunity for students to monitor their understanding of the content through quick skill-check exercises. Answers to all items are given after the chapter review exercises.
TALK ABOUT IT questions are included in Check Your Understanding and give students the opportunity to discuss the content they have just learned. You can use these questions to start a lecture or give them to small groups of students to respond to.
ACTIVITIES provide students with an opportunity to engage the material of each subsection by solving a problem often using a hands-on manipulative. Activities in the book are designed to take up minimal classroom time usually taking only five to ten minutes. Answers to all items are given after the chapter review exercises.
The LEARNING ASSESSMENTS at the end of each section are the main opportunity for students to engage the mathematics that they are learning. They are specifically designed to help students engage in the mathematical processes and deepen their understanding of the content.
Each chapter concludes with a CHAPTER REVIEW that contains a SUMMARY OF KEY CONCEPTS, which provides an overview of the key concepts found in the chapter, and REVIEW EXERCISES that provide students another opportunity to work the different types of exercises encountered throughout the chapter.
REVIEWING THE BIG IDEAS are cross-chapters reviews that provide students with another opportunity to work with the content from previous chapters. Each review clearly identifies the major themes from three chapters, which not only synthesizes the big ideas of the content, but also shows students which content is essential to master and take away from the course.
The text also integrates relevant technology into the discussions, examples, and assessment items as appropriate. The technology icon is used to indicate when it is expected that technology will be used in a given situation, as well as when specific information on how to use the technology is given. Specific technological tools include but are not limited to calculators of various types, spreadsheets, and Geometer's Sketchpad.
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