Table of Contents
PART I: THE RHETORIC OF ARGUMENT.
1. The Nature and Process of Argument.
Why Argue? What Is an Argument? What Is an Arguable Thesis? Using Evidence in Argument. Refuting Challenging Views. Communicating with a Purpose. The Process of Composing an Argument. Workable Topics for an Argumentative Essay. Using Appeals in Argument. Organizing the Argument. Drafting the Argument. Common Problems in Composing an Argument and Ways to Resolve Them. James Paul Gee, High Score Education. Revising the Argument: A Form of Reevaluation. Reading to Revise.
2. Visual Aids as Tools for Argumentative Writing.
Visual Aids as Tools for Argumentative Writing. Steven Waldman and John C. Green, Tribal Relations. Using Visual Aids as a Heuristic Device for Generating Content. Using Visual Aids as an Organizing Tool. Jeffrey Batholet, Inside the Meat Lab. Using Visual Aids as Evidence. Herb Block, The Cartoon.
3. Methods of Critical Reading.
Reading as a Construction of Meaning. Active versus Passive Reading. Reading with a Purpose. Reading as a Writer of Arguments. Writing a Summary. Melissa Slager, Death to the Classics!. Reading with a Pencil. Samuel Lipman, Say No to Trash. Reading with an E-Reader. Reading Visuals in Argument. Joseph J. Feeney, S.J., Philosophers, Theologians, Postmodern Students: Why They Need Each Other. Reading Visuals Critically in the Digital Age. Becoming a Highly Motivated Reader. Reading Responsibly. High Noon (editorial). Active Reading as Shared Reading. Using the Modes of Argument as a Schema for Analysis. The Importance of Open-Mindedness When Reading. Galileo Galilei, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina.
4. Using the Classical Model in Your Arguments.
Argument in the Ancient World. The Classical Model of Argument. John Guillebaud and Pip Hayes, Population Growth and Climate Change. Reinforcing Aristotelian Appeals with Visuals Managing Your Data. Anti-Defamation League, School Vouchers: The Wrong Choice for Public Education. Kurt L. Schmoke, Why School Vouchers Can Help Inner-City Children.
5. Using the Toulmin Model in Your Arguments.
The Toulmin Model of Argument. Virginia Woolf, Professions for Women. The Toulmin Model in Action. STUDENT ESSAY: Daniel Neal, Tobacco: Ignorance Is No Longer an Excuse. Organizing Your Argument Using the Toulmin Model. Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence. Reinforcing the Toulmin Model with Visuals.
6. Using the Rogerian Model in Your Arguments.
The Rogerian Model of Argument. Kimberly Shearer Palmer, Let''s Talk about Sexual Harassment in Middle School. Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail. STUDENT ESSAY: Daniela Gibson, Who Owns Our Children?
7. Reasoning: Methods and Fallacies.
Argumentative Reasoning. The Nature of Fallacies. Strategies of Reasoning. Errors in Reasoning: A Taxonomy. Jamie Whyte, From Crimes of Logic.
8. Argument Across the Disciplines.
How Argumentation Differs from Discipline to Discipline. Strategies of Argument in the Arts. Jonathan Jones, American Gothic, Grand Wood (1930). STUDENT ESSAY: Joseph Forte, Recession-Era Reflections on Percy Shelly''s Ozymandias. Strategies of Argument in the Natural Sciences. Robert Zubrin, The Case for Colonizing Mars. Berkeley Wellness Newsletter, The Raw vs. the Cooked. Strategies of Argument in the Social Sciences. STUDENT ESSAY: Lauren Silk, Aid to Africa: Proposed Solutions. Margaret R, McLean, When What We Know Outstrips What We Can Do. Strategies of Argument in Workplace-Related Contexts. W.E. Messamore, Gun Control Debate Heats Up Again. Elena Fawkner, The 10 Most Popular Myths about Running a Home-Based Business Online. STUDENT ESSAY: Melissa Conlin, Challenger Shuttle Disaster Recommendation.
9. Researching Your Argument.
The Nature of Research. Searching Before You Research: Taking a Mental Inventory. Focusing Your Research for Argumentative Essays. Focusing Your Research for Argumentative Essays. Researching Using the Internet. Useful Types of Internet Resources. Searching on the Web. Useful Websites for Writers of Arguments. Researching Using Print Resources. Gathering Information from Email, Telephone Conversations, Interviews, and Surveys. Taking Effective Research Notes. The Role of Serendipity in Research. Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism. Incorporating Outside Sources into Your Argument.
10. Documenting Your Sources: MLA and APA Styles.
Citation of Source Material: A Rationale. Which Documentation Style to Use? A Guide to MLA Documentation Style. Presenting Quoted Material. Index for Citing Sources: MLA Style. Using Author/Page In-Text Citations. Preparing the MLA List of Works Cited. SAMPLE STUDENT PAPER: MLA Documentation Format. Daniela Gibson, Why We Should Punish. A Guide to APA Documentation Style.
Presenting Quoted Material. Index for Citing Sources: APA Style. Using Author/Year In-Text Citations. Preparing the APA List of References. SAMPLE STUDENT PAPER: APA Documentation Format. Jarrett Green, Child Molestation: Anything but Your Typical Crime.
PART II: READING CLUSTERS.
1. Masterpieces of Argument: What Do They Teach Us About the Art of Persuasion? Two Pulitzer Prize Photographs. I Kevin Carter, Sudanese Child and Vulture (photograph). II Nick Ut, The Tragedy of Vietnam (photograph). Plato, Allegory of the Cave. Andrew Marvell, To His Coy Mistress. Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal. Jonathan Edwards, Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Keynote Address at the First Woman''s Rights Convention. Frederick Douglass, I Hear the Mournful Wail of Millions. Stanley Milgram, The Perils of Obedience. Carolyn G. Heilbrun, The Character of Hamlet''s Mother.
2. Athletics and Academics: How Do They Benefit Each Other?
Are Student Athletes Really Students? Edward Koren, Game Score, Test Scores (editorial cartoon). Bryan Flynn, College Sports vs Academics. Dave Newhouse, Brawn & Brains: Student Athletes Get a Bum Rap. Herbert D. Simons, Derek Van Rheenen, and Martin V. Covington, Academic Motivation and the Student Athlete. John R. Gerdy, Is Athletics Meeting Its Purpose? John R. Gerdy, For True Reform, Athletics Scholarships Must Go. STUDENT ESSAY: Scott Klausner, The Commercialization of College Athletics. Issues for Further Research: The Intrinsic Value of College Athletics. STUDENT VISUAL ESSAY: Kelly Ryan, The Faces of Sports. STUDENT ESSAY: Kelly Ryan, Play for Pride, Not for Pay.
3. International Relations and Global Economy: What Are the Key Issues?
What Effects Could the Patriot Act Have on Individual Liberties? Mike Luckovich, Border Control (editorial cartoon. Thomas L. Friedman, While I Was Sleeping. Issues for Further Research: Privacy vs. National Security. Darrin Bell, Candorville (cartoon). James Bamford, Big Brother Is Listening. Mary Minow, The USA PATRIOT Act and Patron Privacy on Library Internet Terminals. Erica Naone, RFID''s Security Problem. STUDENT ESSAY: Sara Vakulskas, The Patriot Act. Issues for Further Research: The Euro Crisis. Larry Elliott, Time to Unleash Financial Firepower or Face Euro Breakup. Peter Charles Choharis, Five Big Myths About the European Debt Crisis.
4. Multicultural Learning: What Are the Priorities?
Who, If Anyone, Benefits from Multicultural Education? Signe Wilkinson, Family Tree (cartoon). Staff Writers, 17 Scary Stats on Minority Education in America. Breea C. Willingham, Perspectives: Improving Race Relations One Journalism Class at a Time. Leslie Marmon Silko, Language and Literature from a Pueblo Indian Perspective. STUDENT ESSAY: Chris Garber, The Importance of Multicultural Education in Global Society. Issues for Further Research: Bilingual Education. John Darkow, English: The National Language (editorial cartoon). Monte Wolverston, Linguistic Police (editorial cartoon). Kendra Hamilton, Bilingual or Immersion? Wayne P. Thomas and Virginia P. Collier, Two Languages Are Better Than One. Richard Rodriguez, Speaking a Public Language. POINT / COUNTERPOINT: EDUCATION IN ENGLISH / ENGLISH FIRST. STUDENT ESSAY: Regina Patzelt, Education in English: The Proven Benefits of a Bilingual Academic Program. STUDENT ESSAY: Yung Le, English First.
5. Public Identity and Technology: How Is the Internet Influencing Society?
Roz Chast, The I.M.s of Romeo and Juliet (cartoon). National Council of Teachers of English, Literacy Learning for the 21st Century [NCTE Policy Brief] . Phillip Britt, Identity Thieves Hit a New Low. Issues for Further Research: Online Social Networking. Elana Premack Sandler, Facebook, Emotions, and Identity. Issues for Further Research: Internet Dating. Adam Arvidsson, "Quality Singles": Internet Dating and the Work of Fantasy. Nicole Ellison, Rebecca Heino, and Jennifer Gibbs, Managing Impressions Online: Self-Presentation Processes in the Online Dating Environment. Jonathan Zimmerman, Hooked on Facebook. STUDENT ESSAY: Jillian Lenahan, MySpace Addictions—No Need for Rehab.
6. Media Regulation: What Are the Issues?
How Should the First Amendment''s Freedom of Speech Guarantee Be Applied? Patrick Chappette, Internet and Censorship (editorial cartoon). Caspar Hewett, The Great Debate: Should We Censor the Internet? Rodney Smolla, Speech Overview. Martin Golding, Campus Speech Issues. STUDENT ESSAY: Quentin Clark, Speech Codes: An Insult to Education and a Threat to Our Future. Issues for Further Research: Book Banning. Kurt Vonnegut, A Letter to the Chairman of the Drake School Board. Point / Counterpoint: Two Student Essays on Book Censorship. STUDENT ESSAY: Kiley Strong: The Myth of Censoring Within the American Education System. STUDENT ESSAY: Gaby Caceres, Censorship of Books for Public High Schools: When Necessary, When Not. Issues for Further Research: Effects of Media Violence. Cheryl Arvidon, Statement Linking Media Violence to Violence in Kinds Draws Criticism. Mike Oppenheim, TV Isn''t Violent Enough.
7. Intellectual Property: How Should IP Rights Be Protected?
Lloyd Dangle, Troubletown (editorial cartoon). Nate Anderson, Contextualizing the Copyright Debate: Reward vs. Creativity. Janis Ian, The Internet Debacle: An Alternate View. Student Essay: Kate Guarente, The Cost of Regeneration. STUDENT ESSAY: Nathan Salha, A Language All Their Own. Deborah R. Gerhardt, The Rules of Attribution. Ryan Kennedy, Digital Plagiarism: The Role of Society and Technology.
8. Biomedical Research: What Role Should Ethics Play?
Can Biomedical Issues Be Separated from Politics? Dave Coverly, Political Science / Politicized Science (cartoon). Arthur Caplan, Bioengineering and Self-Improvement. Robert P. George, Ethics, Politics, and Genetic Knowledge. John W. Donahue, The Stem Cell Debate. Issues for Further Research: Genetic Engineering. Editors of Scientific American: The Need to Regulate "Designer Babies". Michael Crichton, Patenting Life. Kerryn Sakko, The Debate Over Genetically Modified Foods. Margaret Atwood, OrganInc Farms. STUDENT ESSAY: Nikolay Balbyshev, Priorities of Gene Therapy.