Table of Contents
Part I: AN ERA OF CHANGE AND INCREASED GLOBAL INTERACTION: THE FIFTEENTH THROUGH SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES.
1. Europe in an Age of Conflict and Expansion.
European Expansion: Afonso d’Albuquerque, Speech to Men of the Portuguese Fleet before the Second Attack on Melaka (August 11, 1511); Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile, Agreements with Columbus, April 17 and April 30, 1492; Richard Hakluyt, A Discourse on Western Planting Martin. Religious Controversy in the Reformation Era: Luther, Table Talk; Lucas Cranach the Younger, Two Kinds of Preaching: Evangelical and Papal. Marriage and Families in Early Modern Europe: Leon Battista Alberti, Book of the Family; Jan van Eyck, The Arnolfini Portrait; Erhard Schön, No More Precious Treasure Is on the Earth Than a Gentle Wife Who Longs for Honor. An Expanding Intellectual Universe: Letter of Cencio de’ Rustici to Francesco de’ Fiana and Letter of Leonardo Bruni to Poggio Bracciolini; Raphael di Santi, School of Athens; Michel de Montaigne, “On Cannibals”; Galileo Galilei, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina.
2. The Islamic Heartland and India.
Rulers and Their Challenges in the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires: Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, Turkish Letters; Eskandar Beg Monshi, History of Shah Abbas the Great; Jahangir, Memoirs. Religion, Society, and Culture in South and Southwest Asia: Sultan Selim I, Letter to Shah Ismail of Persia; Khayral-Din Ramli, Legal Opinions; Abul Fazi, Akbarnama; Lord Krishna Lifts Mount Govardhan and Jahangir’s Dream.
3. Africa and the Americas.
Multiple Voices I: Africa’s Diversity through Visitors’ Eyes: Leo Africancus, History and Description of Africa; Olfert Dapper, An Accurate Description of the Regions of Africa; Domãio de Góis, Chronicle of King Manuel the Fortunate; Duarte Barbosa, Account of the Countries Bordering on the Indian Ocean and their Inhabitants.
Africans and the Portuguese: Nzinga Mbemba (Alonso I), Letters to the King of Portugal; A Benin-Portuguese Saltcellar and A Benin Wall Plaque; João dos Santos, Eastern Ethiopia. Encounters in the Americas: Bernardino de Sahagún, General History of the Things of New Spain; David Pieterzen DeVries, Voyages from Holland to America. Land and Labor in Spanish America: Alonso de Zorita, The Brief and Summary Relation of the Lords of New Spain; Antonio Vazquez de Espinosa, Compendium and Description of the West Indies
4. Continuity and Change in East and Southeast Asia.
Confucianism in China and Japan: Meritorious Deeds At No Cost; Kaibara and Token Ekiken, Common Sense Teachings for Japanese Children and Greater Learning for Women; Wang Daokun, Biographies of Zhu Jiefu and Gentleman Wang; Zhang Hong, Landscape of Shixie Hill and Sheng Maoye, Scholars Gazing at a Waterfall. Political Decline in China and Political Recovery in Japan: Yang Lien, Memorial to Emperor Ming Xizong Concerning Eunuch Wei Zhongxian.
Multiple Voices II: The Reunification of Japan Under Hideyoshi and the Tokugawa Clan: Edicts on Christianity; Edict on the Collections of Swords (1588); Edict of the Change in Status, 1591; Laws Governing the Military Households (1615); Closed Country Edict (1635).
Part II: A WORLD IN TRANSITION, FROM THE MID-SEVENTEENTH CENTURY TO THE EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURY.
5. Europe and the Americas in an Age of Science, Economic Growth, and Revolution.
An Age of Monarchy - Absolute and Limited: Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, Polititics Derived from the Worlds of Holy Scripture; Peter the Great, Edicts and Decrees; English Bill of Rights. An Age of Science and Enlightenment: Sébastien Le Clerc, The Royal Academy and Its Protectors and A Dissection at the Jardin Des Plantes; Voltaire, Treatise on Toleration; Marquis de Condorcet, Sketch of the Progress of the Human Mind. Stirrings of Economic Change: Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations; Petition of the Yorkshire Cloth Workers (1786) and Proclamation of the Leeds Cloth Merchants (1791). The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon: Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen; Decree for Proclaiming the Liberty and Sovereignty of All People, Proposal for the Levée en masse; Report of the Committee of Public Safety on Drafting Poets and Citizens for the Cause of Revolution; Report of the Committee of Public Safety on Revolutionary Education; Jacques-Louis David, Napoleon Crossing the Alps and Napoleon in His Study. Anticolonialism and Revolution in the Americas: Thomas Paine, Common Sense; Simón Bolívar, The Jamaica Letter.
6. Africa, Southwest Asia, and India in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries.
The African Slave Trade and Its Critics: Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of Olaudah Equiano Written by Himself.
Multiple Voices III: Ending the Slave Trade: European and African Perspectives: John Wesley, Thoughts Upon Slavery; Society of the Friends of Black, Address to the National Assembly in Favor of the Abolition of the Slave Trade; W.S. Ryneveld, Response to Governor Macartney’s Questionnaire; Joseph Dupuis, Summary of a Conversation with Osei Bonso, King of Asante.
Political Change in the Ottoman and Mughal Empires: Mehmed Pasha, The Book of Counsel for Viziers and Governors; Joseph François Dupleix, Memorandum to the Directors of the French East India Company, Robert Clive, Letter to William Pitt the Elder; Shah Alam II, Imperial Firman; Najm-ud-daula, Agreement; East India Company and the Nizam of Oudh, Treaty. The Continuing Vitality of Islam: Abdullah Wahhab, The History and Doctrines of the Wahhabis; Usman dan Fodio, Selections from His Writings.
7: Change and Continuity in East Asia.
China’s Revival Under the Qing: Kagxi, Self-Portrait; Qianlong at Leisure on New Years Eve; Taking a Stag with a Mighty Arrow; Qianlong in his Study; Envoys from Vassal States and Foreign Countries Presenting Tribute to the Emperor; Sir Henry Dundas, Letter to Lord George Macartney; Emperor Qianlong, Edict on Trade with Great Britain. Social Change and Intellectual Ferment in Tokugawa Japan: Kamo Mabuchi, A Study of the Idea of the Nation; Honda Toshiaki, A Secret Plan of Government; Shiba Kōkan, A Meeting of Japan, China and the West.
Part III: THE WORLD IN THE AGE OF WESTERN DOMINANCE: 1800-1914.
Chapter 8: The West in the Age of Industrialization and Imperialism.
Multiple Voices IV: Working Class and Middle Class in Nineteenth Century Europe: Testimony Before Parliamentary Committees on Working Conditions in England; Louis Velermé, Study of the Physical Condition of Cotton, Wool and Silk Workers; Alexander Schneer, Living Conditions of the Working Class in Breslau; Samuel Smiles, Self Help and Thrift; Otto von Leixner, Letters from Berlin.
New Perspectives on Humanity and Society: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto; Charles Darwin, On the Origins of Species and the Descent of Man. Millions on the Move: Nineteenth-Century Migration: Gottfried Menzel, The United States of North America, With Special Reference To German Emigration; Henry Cabot Lodge, Speech To the United States Senate, March 16, 1896; Joseph Keppler, “Make Yourself Welcome!’ and “Looking Backward”; F. Victor Gillam, “The Cause of it All”; Louis Dalrymple, “The Unrestricted Dumping Grounds”. Women in Society: From “Separate Spheres” to Suffragism: Sarah Stickney Ellis, The Wives of England; Emmeline Pankhurst, Why We Are Militant; English Posters and Postcards, 1908–1914. Nationalism and Imperialism in the Late Nineteenth Century: Heinrich von Treitschke, Extracts from History of Germany in the Nineteenth Century and Historical and Political Writings; Jules Ferry, Speech Before the French National Assembly; Advertisements and Illustrations from British Books and Periodicals.
9. Western Pressures, Nationalism, and Reform in Africa, Southwest Asia, and India in the 1800s.
The European Assault on Africa: Lagos Treaty of Succession, August 6, 1861 & Treaty Between the International Association of the Congo and the kings and chiefs of the Ngombi and Mafela & Agreement between King Logenbula and Charles Rudd, Rochfort Maguire, and Francis Thompson & Letter of King Lognebula to Queen Victoria; George Washington Williams, Open Letter to King Leopold II of Belgium, 1890; King Leopold II, Open Letter to the Officials of the Congo Free State 1897; Ndansi Kumalo, His Story. Currents of Change in Southwest Asia: Sultan Abdulmejid, The Islahat Fermani of 1856; Abd al-Rahman al-Kawakibi, Umm al-Qura (Mother of Towns); An Agreement between G. F. Talbot and the Persian Government, March 8, 1890.
Multiple Voices V: The Beginnings of Islamic Modernism: Sayyid Jamal a-Din al-Afghani, “Teaching and Learning” and “Answer to Renan”; Qasim Amin, The Liberation of Women and The New Woman; Muhammad Husayn Na’ini, Government from the Perspective of Islam.
India Under British Domination: Rammohun Roy, Letter to Lord Amherst; The Azamgarh Proclamation; Dadabhai Naoroji, Address to the Indian National Congress, 1886 & Bal Gangandhar Tilak, Address to the Indian National Congress, 1906.
10. East and Southeast Asia Confront the West.
Encounters with the West: Lin Zexu, Letter to Queen Victoria, 1839; U.S. President Millard Fillmore, Letter to His Imperial Majesty, the Emperor of Japan; Phan Thanh Gian, Letter to Emperor Tu Duc and Last Message to His Administrators.
Multiple Voices VI: Plotting East Asia’s Future: Tokugawa Nariaki, Memorandum to the Bakufu, August 14, 1953; Ii Naosuke, Memorandum to the Bakufu, October 1, 1953; Feng Guifen, Personal Protests from the Study of Jiaobin; Woren, Memorandum on Western Studies.
The Emergence of Modern Japan: Iwasaki Yataro, Letter to Mitsubishi Employees; Prints and Drawings, 1853-1891. The End of Imperial China: Qiu Jin, An Address to Two Hundred Million Fellow Countrywomen; Chinese Revolutionary Alliance, Revolutionary Proclamation, 1907.
Part IV: THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY AND ITS CHALLENGES IN THE TWENTIETH AND TWENTY-FIRST CENTURIES.
11. The Industrialized World in Crisis.
The Trauma of World War I: Popular Art and Poster Art from Germany, England, and Australia; Henry S. Clapham, Mud and Khaki, Memoirs of an Incomplete Soldier; Paul Nash, The Menin Road & C. R. W. Nevinson, The Harvest of Battle & Otto Dix, Shock Troop under Gas Attack. The Russian Revolution and the Foundation of the Soviet State: Communist Decrees and Legislation, 1917-1918; Joseph Stalin, The Tasks of Business Executives. Liberalism and Democracy Under Siege: Benito Mussolini, The Political and Social Doctrine of Fascism; Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf; Six Political Posters. The Legacy of World War II: Rudolf Höss, Memoirs; Iwao Nakamura and Atsuko Tsujioka, Recollections.
Multiple Voices VII: The Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb: Memorandum of Conversation with General Marshall; Arthur Compton, Recollection of Interim Committee Meeting; The Franck Report; The Szilard Petition; President Harry Truman, Letter to Samuel Cavert.
12. Anticolonialism, Nationalism, and Revolution in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
African Society and Identity Under Colonial Rule: James Aggrey, Parable of the Eagle; Kabaka Daudi Chwa, Education, Civilization, and “Foreignization” in Buganda. New Beginnings in the Middle East: Mustafa Kemal, Speech to the Congress of the People’s Republican Party; Report of the Palestine Royal Commission (The Peel Commission), July 1937. Anticolonialism in India and Southeast Asia: Mohandas Gandhi, Indian Home Rule; Nguyen Thai Hoc, Letter to the French Chamber of Deputies. Latin America in an Era of Economic Challenge and Political Change: Francisco Garcia Calderón, Latin America: Its Rise and Progress; Lázaro Cárdenas, Speech to the Nation. China in an Era of Political Disintegration and Revolution: Deng Yingchao, The Spirit of the May 4th Movement; Mao Zedong, Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan and Strategic Problems of China’s Revolutionary War.
13. The Global Community Since 1945.
The 1950s and 1960s: Cold War Origins and Decolonization: National Security Council, United States Objectives and Programs for National Security (NSC Paper Number 68); Nikita Khrushchev, Speech at Reception for Military Academy Graduates, November 1958. The End of Europe’s Empires: Debate in the House of Commons, March 4 and 5, 1947. Problems and Prospects of Postcolonial Asia and Africa, 1960s–1980s: C. Odumegwu Ojukwu, Speeches and Writings; Jawaharlal Nehru, “A Secular State” and Girilal Jain, “The Harbinger of a New Order”; Lao Dong, Party Directive for the South: “Situation and Tasks for 1959”; Tan Manni, “Lushan’s Pig-Iron ‘Sputnik’”. Women between Tradition and Change, 1960s–1970s: National Organization of Women, 1966 Statement of Purpose and Westchester Radical Feminist Manifesto, 1972; Zand Dokht, “The Revolution that Failed Women”; Association of African Women for Research and Development, A Statement on Genital Mutilation; Editorial Against Dowry from Manushi. Communism’s Retreat: Deng Xiaoping, Speeches and Writings; Mikhail Gorbachev, Perestroika. Terrorism in a Global Age: Osama bin Laden, Declaration of Jihad Against Americans Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Mosques; Mohammed Atta, The Last Night; World Bank, World Development Indicators.