Table of Contents
List of Figures and Tables.
How to Use This Book.
Unit I: INTRODUCTION TO THE CLINICAL LABORATORY.
The Clinical Laboratory. The Clinical Laboratory Professional. Medical Terminology.
Laboratory Safety: Physical and Chemical Hazards. Laboratory Safety: Biological Hazards. General Laboratory Equipment. The Metric System. Preparing Laboratory Reagents. Quality Assessment. The Microscope. Capillary Puncture. Routine Venipuncture.
Unit II: BASIC HEMATOLOGY.
Introduction to Hematology. Hemoglobin. Microhematocrit. The Hemacytometer.
Manual RBC and WBC Counts. Platelet Count. Preparing and Staining a Blood Smear.
Normal Blood Cell Morphology. White Blood Cell Differential Count. Principles of Automated Hematology. Abnormalities in Peripheral Blood Cell Morphology. Reticulocyte Count. Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate.
Unit III: BASIC HEMOSTASIS.
Principles of Hemostasis. Disorders of Hemostasis. Coagulation Testing Methods.
Prothrombin Time. Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time. D-Dimer.
Unit IV: BASIC IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOHEMATOLOGY.
Introduction to Immunology. Infectious Mononucleosis Tests. Test for Rheumatoid Factors. Urine hCG Tests. Introduction to Immunohematology. ABO Grouping.
Unit V: URINALYSIS.
Introduction to Urinalysis. Urine Collection and Processing. Physical Examination of Urine. Chemical Examination of Urine. Microscopic Examination of Urine Sediment.
Unit VI: BASIC CLINICAL CHEMISTRY.
Introduction to Clinical Chemistry. Principles of Chemistry Instrumentation.
Chemistry Specimen Collection and Processing. Point-of-Care Testing. Blood Glucose and Hemoglobin A1c. Blood Cholesterol and Triglycerides. Electrolytes. Fecal Occult Blood.
Unit VII: BASIC CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY.
Introduction to Clinical Microbiology. Microbiology Specimen Collection and Processing.
Culture Techniques for Bacteriology. The Gram Stain. Tests for Group A Streptococcus.
Urine Culture and Colony Count. Bacterial Identification and Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing. Tests for Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Infection Prevention in Health-Care Settings. Public Health Issue: Emerging Infectious Diseases. Public Health Issue: Biological Threats.
Unit VIII: BASIC PARASITOLOGY.
Introduction to Parasitology. Collecting and Processing of Specimens for Parasite Detection. Microscopic Methods of Detecting Intestinal Parasites. Preparing Smears for Blood Parasites.
Appendix A: Guide to Standard Precautions.
Appendix B: Laboratory Reference Values.
Appendix C: Abbreviations and Acronyms Commonly Used in Clinical Laboratories.
Appendix D: Sources of Information: Health Care Accrediting and Credentialing Agencies, Professional Societies, Governmental Agencies.