Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity (AP® Edition)

  • AUTHORS: John C. Kotz; Paul M. Treichel; John Townsend; David Treichel
  • ISBN-13: 9781285453965 
  • Grade(s): 9 | 10 | 11 | 12
  • 1520 Pages  Hardcover 
  • 9th Edition  |  Previous Editions: 2012, 2009
  • ©2015     Published
  • Prices are valid only in the respective region

Overview

About The Product

Help your students succeed in chemistry with the clear explanations, problem-solving strategies, and dynamic study tools of CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL REACTIVITY, 9e. The text emphasizes the visual nature of chemistry, illustrating the close interrelationship of the macroscopic, symbolic, and particulate levels of chemistry with an art program that illustrates each of these levels in engaging detail. Access to OWLv2 may be purchased separately or at a special price if packaged with this text. OWLv2 is an online homework and tutorial system that helps you maximize your study time and improve your success in the course. OWLv2 includes an interactive eBook, as well as hundreds of guided simulations, animations, and video clips.

Features

  • WORKED EXAMPLES. Through the text's six-part worked example structure, students learn how to approach a problem rather than to memorize problem types and solution approaches. Worked example headers use the following structure: 1) A Problem statement; 2) A "What Do You Know?" section that asks students to outline what information they have and begin to think about a solution; 3) A Strategy section that combines the information available with the objective to devise a path to the solution; 4) A fully worked Solution; 5) A "Think About Your Answer" section that prompts students to ask if the answer is reasonable; 6) A "Check Your Understanding" problem similar to the example to confirm students understand.
  • PROBLEM STRATEGY MAPS. Selected worked examples have Strategy Maps that give students a visual view of the complete problem-solving strategy. Video Strategy Solutions based on these maps are integrated into the MindTap eBook.
  • REVIEW & CHECK PROBLEMS. These section-ending problems help students hone their skill in assessing whether they understand the concepts in the section.
  • VISUAL TOOLS. With the text's extensive use of molecular representations, your students can move beyond plugging numbers into an equation to a true understanding of what's going on at the molecular level. The authors consistently depict molecules in chemical equations and use unique space-filling molecular art that more completely tie the text's molecular art to problem solving and media.
  • CASE STUDY BOXES. Cases show students where chemistry has been used to solve a problem or where chemistry is important in everyday matters. Examples include the use of isotopes to catch athletes who cheat using illegal drugs, a washing machine that injects silver into the wash, acrylamide in French fries, a comparison of ethanol and gasoline, and the amount of salt in seawater. Questions posed in each Case Study are answered in an appendix.
  • "IN THE LABORATORY" QUESTIONS. These end-of-chapter questions address techniques used and work performed in the general chemistry laboratory to help students make the connection between lecture topics and lab work.
  • BEYOND THE EXAM. The text correlates Chapter Goals with Study Questions to help students develop a conceptual understanding of chemistry and a skill in problem-solving that will serve them long after their final exams.
  • OWL INTEGRATION. Improve student learning outcomes with OWLv2, the #1 online homework and learning system for chemistry, now with new features and enhanced functionality! Developed by chemistry instructors, OWLv2's reporting and grade book features simplify homework management and track student progress. OWLv2 addresses different student learning styles through tutorials, simulations, visualization exercises, and algorithmically generated homework questions with instant answer-specific feedback. With OWLv2's mastery learning approach, students work at their own pace until they understand each concept/skill. OWL includes MindTap Reader™, an iPad-compatible multimedia eBook. Gen Chemistry, GOB, and Liberal Arts courses include Quick Prep modules to help students learn essential skills.

About the Contributor

AUTHORS
  • John C. Kotz

    John C. Kotz is an emeritus State University of New York Distinguished Teaching Professor at the College at Oneonta. Educated at Washington and Lee University, as well as Cornell University, he held National Institutes of Health postdoctoral appointments at the University of Manchester Institute for Science and Technology in England and at Indiana University. Professor Kotz has co-authored three textbooks in several editions - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL REACTIVITY, and THE CHEMICAL WORLD - along with the INTERACTIVE GENERAL CHEMISTRY CD-ROM. He also has published research on inorganic chemistry and electrochemistry. He was a Fulbright Lecturer and Research Scholar in Portugal in 1979 and a visiting professor there in 1992, as well as a visiting professor at the Institute for Chemical Education (University of Wisconsin, 1991-1992) and at Auckland University in New Zealand (1999). He also was an invited speaker at a meeting of the South African Chemical Society and at the biennial conference for secondary school chemistry teachers in New Zealand. In addition, a recent tenure as a mentor of the U.S. Chemistry Olympiad Team, Professor Kotz has received numerous honors, including a State University of New York Chancellor's Award (1979), a National Catalyst Award for Excellence in Teaching (1992), the Estee Lectureship in Chemical Education at the University of South Dakota (1998), the Visiting Scientist Award from the Western Connecticut Section of the American Chemical Society (1999), and the first annual Distinguished Education Award from the Binghamton (New York) Section of the American Chemical Society (2001).

  • Paul M. Treichel

    Paul M. Treichel, received his B.S. degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1958 and a Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1962. After a year of postdoctoral study in London, he assumed a faculty position at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He served as department chair from 1986 through 1995 and was awarded a Helfaer Professorship in 1996. He has held visiting faculty positions in South Africa (1975) and in Japan (1995). Retiring after 44 years as a faculty member in 2007, he is currently Emeritus Professor of Chemistry. During his faculty career he taught courses in general chemistry, inorganic chemistry, organometallic chemistry, and scientific ethics. Professor Treichel's research in organometallic and metal cluster chemistry and in mass spectrometry, aided by 75 graduate and undergraduate students, has led to more than 170 papers in scientific journals. He may be contacted by email at treichelpaul@me.com.

  • John Townsend

    John R. Townsend, Professor of Chemistry at West Chester University of Pennsylvania, completed his B.A. in Chemistry as well as the Approved Program for Teacher Certification in Chemistry at the University of Delaware. After a career teaching high school science and mathematics, he earned his M.S. and Ph.D. in biophysical chemistry at Cornell University, where he also received the DuPont Teaching Award for his work as a teaching assistant. After teaching at Bloomsburg University, he joined the faculty at West Chester University, where he coordinates the chemistry education program for prospective high school teachers and the general chemistry lecture program for science majors. He has been the university supervisor for more than 60 prospective high school chemistry teachers during their student teaching semester. His research interests are in the fields of chemical education and biochemistry. He may be contacted by email at jtownsend@wcupa.edu.

  • David Treichel

    David A. Treichel, Professor of Chemistry at Nebraska Wesleyan University, received a B.A. degree from Carleton College. He earned a M.S. and a Ph.D. in analytical chemistry at Northwestern University. After post-doctoral research at the University of Texas in Austin, he joined the faculty at Nebraska Wesleyan University. His research interests are in the fields of electrochemistry and surface-laser spectroscopy. He may be contacted by email at dat@nebrwesleyan.edu.

Table of Contents

PART I: CONCEPTS OF CHEMISTRY.
1. Basic Concepts of Chemistry.
Let's Review: The Tools of Quantitative Chemistry.
2. Atoms, Molecules, and Ions.
3. Chemical Reactions.
4. Stoichiometry: Quantitative Information from Chemical Reactions.
5. Principles of Chemical Reactivity: Energy and Chemical Reactions.
PART II: ATOMS AND MOLECULES.
6. The Structure of Atoms.
7. The Structure of Atoms and Periodic Trends.
8. Covalent Bonding and Molecular Structure.
9. Bonding and Molecular Structure - Valence Bond and Molecular Orbital Theory.
Part 3: States of Matter.
10. Gases and Their Properties.
11. Intermolecular Forces and Liquids.
12. Ionic Bonding, Metals, and the Solid State.
13. Solutions and Their Behavior.
PART IV: THE CONTROL OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS.
14. Chemical Kinetics - The Rates of Chemical Reactions.
15. Principles of Reactivity: Chemical Equilibria.
16. Equlibria and Acids and Bases.
17. Principles of Reactivity: Other Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria.
18. Thermodynamics - Entropy and Free Energy.
19. Principles of Reactivity: Electron Transfer Reactions.
PART V: THE CHEMISTRY OF THE ELEMENTS.
20. Environmental Chemistry: Earth's Environment, Energy, and Sustainability.
21. The Chemistry of the Main Group Elements.
22. The Chemistry of the Transition Elements.
23. Carbon: Not Just Another Element.
24. Biochemistry.
25. Nuclear Chemistry.
Appendix A: Using Logarithms and the Quadratic Equation.
Appendix B: Some Important Physical Concepts.
Appendix C: Abbreviations and Useful Conversion Factors.
Appendix D: Physical Constants.
Appendix E: Naming Organic Compounds.
Appendix F: Values for the Ionization Energies and Electron Affinities of the Elements.
Appendix G: Vapor Pressure of Water at Various Temperatures.
Appendix H: Ionization Constants for Weak Acids at 25ºC.
Appendix I: Ionization Constants for Weak Bases at 25ºC.
Appendix J: Solubility Product Constants for Some Inorganic Compounds at 25ºC.
Appendix K: Formation Constants for Some Complex Ions in Aqueous Solution.
Appendix L: Selected Thermodynamic Values.
Appendix M: Standard Reduction Potentials in Aqueous Solution at 25ºC.
Appendix N: Answers to Chapter Opening and Case Study Questions, Check Your Understanding Questions, Review and Check Questions, and Selected Study Questions.

New to this Edition

  • The five topical interchapters in previous editions have been integrated into standard chapters: Milestones in the Development of Chemistry and the Modern World View of Atoms and Molecules have been folded into Chapter 2. The Chemistry of Fuels and Energy Resources and The Chemistry of the Environment have been incorporated into an expanded new chapter on Environmental Chemistry (Chapter 20). The Chemistry of Life: Biochemistry has been expanded into a full chapter (Chapter 24). The Chemistry of Modern Materials has been incorporated into the chapter on solids (Chapter 12).
  • Chapter Goals (and Chapter Goals Revisited) have been recast into three categories that most express what students should get out of the course: 1. Understand: chapter concepts. 2. Do: Be able to carry out calculations, draw molecular structures, and make chemical decisions. 3. Remember: important facts and chemical concepts.
  • All answers are now combined into a single comprehensive appendix organized by chapter.
  • Over 100 new end of chapter Study Questions have been added.
  • The #1 online homework and learning system for chemistry, OWLv2, is available for this text--now with new instructor features and enhanced functionality: a Dashboard that consolidates all course materials; easy, intuitive assignment creation and management; ability to preview and select activities/questions for each assignment; new assignment settings and options; improved gradebook; Personalized Study tools to help students focus their time on the key concepts and skills; and MindTap Reader™, a new eBook with apps and embedded video, audio, annotations, and activities. OWLv2 courses for Gen Chem, GOB, and Liberal Arts now include Quick Prep essential skills assignments that can be taken before the semester begins or during the first few weeks, to help students succeed in the course. For this course, OWLv2 also includes new interactive versions of the end-of-chapter questions from the text and new iPad-compatible visualizations, tutorials, and simulations.